Hmong Long Cheng Bread


This is a delicious, warm sweet bread that is great with coffee or tea.  I learned how to make this bread from my sister in law Ntxawm Cheng.  Thank you Ntxawm Cheng!!!! It's a simple process.  She taught me how to make a huge batch.  But this version below is one that I slightly modified to make half the batch (about 30 loaves depending on how big you make them). 

I don't know what the real name of this bread is.  But it kind of tastes like the bread that I ate once in California, so I'm just nicknaming this that bread!

Hmong Long Cheng sweet bread


  • 1/2 can evaporated milk
  • 1/2 can sweetened condensed milk
  • 5 eggs
  • 1 lb sugar (this is about 25% of a 4lb sugar bag)
  • 5 packages of vanilla sugar
  • 1 can coconut milk
  • 1 and 1/2 can water (use the coconut milk can)
  • 1 tbsp baking powder
  • 5 packages instant yeast
  • 5 lb bread flour (save at least 2 cups for dusting)
  • 1 large rectangle aluminum pan
  • 2 large aluminum baking sheets
  • parchment paper
  1. In a really large aluminum pan, mix evaporated skim milk, condensed milk, eggs, sugar, vanilla sugar, coconut milk, water, baking powder, and yeast.  You'll get a slushy consistency.  I used my hands to do the mixing but if you want, you can use a whisk.  By using my hands, I'm able to feel if the sugar has been dissolved.
  2. Add the bread flour to the mixture and continue mixing until incorporated.  The mixture will resemble a really thick pancake batter and will be very sticky.
  3. In an oven, heat to 170 degrees.  If you have a warm feature in your oven, keep it at 170 degrees.  Cover the aluminum pan with foil and let the dough rise in the oven for about 1 hour.
  4. The dough will double its original size.  Remove from oven and place the pan on a solid surface.
  5. Dust your hands in flour and take a baseball size piece of dough.  Roll it into a hot dog bun shape and place onto the parchment paper 1 inch apart.  You can also roll it into a circle if you wish. Try different shapes!
  6. You can use two baking sheets to cut the cooking time in half.  Just remember, the bottom one will cook faster so you will have to keep an eye on it.
  7. Bake in oven at 350 degrees for about 30 minutes or until the bottom turns slightly brown.  The top may not be brown, but as it cools it gets brown. Remove and cool on a rack.


  • Add some pandan custard to the inside when you are rolling the dough into pieces.
  • You can also try taro, vanilla custard, nutella, etc ... be creative!
  • You can also try to slice the top to make cool shapes like X's or other. Get creative!


  • Personally, I like my buns soft so I try not to let the bottom part brown too much.  Once you take it out of the oven, it still continues to cook a little.  You will notice that the top will start to brown more even after it's out of the oven.
  • If you want to freeze the buns for later use, don't cook them all the way brown.  Use a tong to lift up the bottom to see how solid the bun is.  If it's flimsy, it's not cooked.  If it's firm but not brown, remove from oven. Let it cool first before putting into a bag or freezer.  If it's hot and you freeze it in a bag, condensation will build up and you will have a slimy bun hehe.

Good luck!  Please leave me a comment if you have any questions.  I'll be back to post more step by step pictures.  A lot of people have been asking me for this recipe so I am posting it here for you to try! I love to share, so sharing it is!

Here's a video if you want to see me in action!



Make it flat and then use a spoon to scoop the filling inside. Then wrap the edges towards the center and seal it.  Think of a hot dog bun and filling it with ketchup and then wrapping the edges tight.

Thank you very much.

You are welcome!

thanks for sharing you wonderful cooking with are a very talent, amazing cooker....I can't thank you enough....

Thank you for commenting!!

Hey, I tried this recipe but seems like I failed. I used all the ingredients you had listed except my coconut milk was a 13oz can and my vanilla was the extract. Mine turned out to be like a dough that you can just roll it and bake it. But I added water and more coco milk to make mine look more like yours, but it overflowed my pan so i had to take some out. Somehow i'm just not doing it right. Don't know if I should've just rolled mine out with the dough I had and just bake it.

It will not always be sticky like mine shown in the video. With baking, it all depends on the humidity and where you live. As long as you have the main ingredients, try it and see how it goes. You might have to adjust the recipe to fit your taste. When the dough rises, it will overflow your pan if you leave it overnight or for a long time.  This happened to me before too.

I was actually doing it late night and didn't think it was going to work, so I'd toss some away leaving my foil pan almost half way. The next morning, it raised almost doubling the size. I decided to top it with some flour so that it won't be so sticky and baked them. It turned out great. My kids loved it...especially my hubby. He thought I wouldn't know how to make any of these...but my secret was, I learned it from for the all the recipes! Now I can be a better cook/wife.

Awesome. Glad it turned out for you! :-) This is great news!

i believe the name of the bread is called khaub ci or something like that.

Yes, that's the generic hmong phrase for baked goods.

FYI: khaub ci/chi = Lao term for bread; khaub = mov or cooked edible thing such as wheat, rice etc. that accompany other dish such as cooked meat and/or veggies...The long cheng bread was simply another version of the French bread that are being sold at local Vietnamese store...

How much flour do I use if I'm not using the 5lbs bag...plz let me know

About 11 to 13 cups of bread flour.

Mine came out kind of it supposed to be chewy or soft and fluffy?

Soft and fluffy. If it is chewy, you might have had more liquid or cooked it too long.

Hi Annie,I made the Jello, for my husband's birthday this past weekend, and it was so crazy, I made 2 batch and everyone ated it. I was afraid that people won't like it, but I guess it was gone before I realize it. Lol, btw I'm going to try this sweet bread for my mom, she loves bread with her coffee, and she be working hard at the garden, so I want to try making this for her tomorrow. Thank you so much for the recipe! I was just wondering, do you know how to make the Vietnamese sandwiches?

Hi Maiv, that's very awesome!!! Making vietnamese sandwiches are pretty easy. I can't really find the vietnamese sandwich bread but I think a french baguette would work too.  It's been a while since I've made the liver pate but that gives it the unique taste!

So, I made the sweeet bread today, and I did it! It came out so nice and sweet, I follow the steps and that's how I get it. Thank you again. =] Hope my mom will like it.

Super awesome!! I'm so happy it turned out for you!

How would you put the pandan paste in?

Flatten out the dough in your hand and then spoon in the filling. Then cover it up with the dough.

thank u so much for this! my husband has been wanting me to learn how to make this kind of bread. let me try to go gather the ingredients and see how i did. i will ask more questions ok! u r so kind and sincere! no words could ever express how much gratitude this means to me!

Awesome!!! I hope it turned out for you!

OMG, I love it how I can find this recipe online.  I am going to try and make it home tonight.  I will let you know how it went.  Since it only takes about 1 hour for it to rise.  You know what you should do next time, if you havent already, the Vietnamese French bread that they use for the Bahn Mi Sandwhiches.  I've seen lots of recipes, but not sure which ones are the best.Thanks,mynhia

Thanks so much for your comment! I haven't made a video in a while. Time for a new one soon!

I couldn't find any vanilla sugar and read the comments that you can substitute just regular sugar with vanilla extract. But i didn't know how much sugar would add up to five packets of vanilla sugar. Could you tell me? Thanks. Can not wait to try this!

Disregard my question from earlier. I read the comments better and found out that I can just use vanilla extract in place of the vanilla sugar. Don't know what happen....brain wasn't thinking right because I finally found the recipe to make this yummy bread. Thanks.

Awesome! Hope you tried it and liked it!

I didn't see the size of your milk cans on the recipe. Can you tell me which oz size you used please. I'm going to try it. Had it @ the hmong new year in NC  and I really like it. Thanks 

I'll have to try to find the cans and write the down for you.

Thank you for the recipe

You're welcome

Hello, thanks for sharing this special ingredient. I was wondering, where do you find vanilla sugar? I went to three different grocery stores and can't kind any. Can I use vanilla extract instead?Thanks,Mai Vang 

Yes, you can use 1 tsp of vanilla extract. If you like the smell of it, you can use 1 tbsp.

Annie,When making bread, how can I make a small size loaf(bun)? i.e. I'd like to make mini hot dog and hamburger buns...any ideas would be much appreciated.-Txiabneeb Vaj,Maplewood, MN651.238.5300;

You can shape it into any size you like. Add flour to your hands and then shape.

annie, where can i get the evaporated milk and sweetened condensed milk..? in american store or in asian store..?

American store

which american store usually have it..? just wonder cause i went to one and it didn't have it. thanks for sharing ur skill! after trying making this then i will try to make ur chicken feet.

Most large grocery stores have it. Look in the baking aisle.  It should be close to the sugar and baked goods.  I got mine from Cub Foods and Woodman's.

annie, sorry to bother u again. what about the oz of the coconut milk..? 13.5oz or the 16oz?

In this recipe I think I used the larger can 19 oz. I've also used the smaller can too.

how many 5 pound in ml?how many 1 pound in ml?

If you don't have a scale, I think this totals up to 12-13 cups of bread flour.

How many tablespoon for the 5 package yeast?

I think each package contains 2 and 1/4 tbsp of yeast. It depends on the brand. I'd say about 10 tbsp total.

Hi Annie, I was wondering...what kind of green filling is that in the picture n how or what I'm suppost to do to make that green filling? please let me know thanks.

You can buy pandan custard powder mix from the asian grocery store. You mix it with some hot boiling water to form a paste. Then you put it in your bread.

I made this for a family gathering, they all loved it. But the next day it was hard?


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